High Speed Ferry Northeast
3rd Annual Conference
©1999 Illustration Kentucky Coast, LLC
Third Annual High Speed Ferry NE Conference
Review Windows on the World, World Trade Center, New York City,
April 8, 1999
By Judy Rovins, President, Motivators Conferences
and Public Development of High Speed Craft Underway for Next Century
Director, Private Ferry Operations, New York City, moderated
the one day High Speed Ferry NE Conference and Trade Show. His
opening introduction of Robert Grotell, Director of Transportation,
New York City Mayor's Office, set the stage for Olmstead's recognition
that traffic is shifting to the waterways. More specifically,
New York City is expanding its role as a center of the high speed
are more high speed craft in and around New York City than in
prior years. The renaissance of ferries linking the region has
increased every year since 1986," said Olmsted. Short and middle
distance routes are popular now.
A number of
projects in private and public development are underway for the
next century, including public dollars for the Whitehall Tunnel
and the St. George Tunnel. A new Pier 11 is under construction
including a new terminal, coffee shop, public art space, garden
and pickup on South Street for taxis and buses. Other projects
include entry into the Hudson River and into midway Manhattan,
a ferry terminal on 34th Street, permanent facilities on East
62nd Street, East 75th Street and East 90th Street.
ferry landing at Yankee Stadium has five ferry boats on the average
unload for a game. The Battery Park City Terminal with funding
of $30 million will expand passenger comfort. Weehawken will see
New Jersey light rail.
Peachey, BOMEL Limited, UK
"Risks to Passengers and Crew in High Speed Ferry Higher Than
Previous Experience Indicated"
A formal assessment
developed by the IMO compares risks with risk criteria to determine
what is expected from high speed craft in relation to accidents.
Risks, costs and options should be part of the decision-making
for safety. The Maritime Coast Guard Agency-UK Maritime Administration
chose high speed ferries for the safety assessment because of
the new technologies being introduced worldwide.IMO did not consider
environmental, business or property risks. Collision was noted
as a priority - high speed craft are in confined waters. Fire
risk is significant. There is a degree of uncertainty about the
for factors which influence and cause risk levels to be high:
1) training, 2) management, 3) human element, 4) design of the
craft, 5) communications, 6) maintenance. Many accidents happen
at low speed - berthing. Approximately 86% of accidents are due
to human error. Factors considered were reliability of hardware
systems, personal performance of bridge staff, commercial drivers.
Seventy-eight individual risk control measures which were identified
addressed accident scenarios and their causes. Those then were
grouped into 24 potential regulatory options.
was that risks to passengers and crew in high speed ferries are
higher than previous experience indicated.
McKernan, Operations Manger, NY Waterway
"Safety Through Risk ID and Management"
A high speed
craft is a pollution reducer, a stress reducer and a travel improver.
"Today there is a shift away from highways into terminals," stated
McKernan. Federal funds are available for the construction of
intermodal connections to reduce risk.
is responsible for most of the marine accidents. Operators of
faster craft follow industry standards, not government regulations.
Fire drills and man overboard drills were the training in years
past. Now there is new additional training for operators of craft
in excess of 28 knots. McKernan advocates more proactive steps
to develop and implement higher standards of safety, communications
protocols, as well as in the in-house training for operators of
high speed ferries. The external operating controls of AIS and
VTS are structured with only the highest speed vessels, but should
be a part of the in-house training. McKernan urged the various
levels of government to facilitate and expand high speed ferry
travel. The future must include the establishment of best practices
for operating fast craft.
Duclos, President, Gladding-Hearn Shipbuilding
Into Fast Ferry -What's New? What's in the Future?"
The fast ferries
highlight twin hull, narrow hulls; are well-rounded and suited
for many applications. Designed to meet the High Speed Craft Code,
the fast craft uses a variety of propulsion systems. The good
water propeller propulsion is 70 percent efficient. The jet propulsion
is 60 percent efficient and heavier. The water jet is tolerable
to the water break and highly maneuverable. Peter Duclos' dynamic
visual presentation featured many new high speed ferries operating
in the Northeast.
Duffy, USCG - Boston
"Risk Management and Operational Safety Issues"
and dependency on radar seem to be the practice for High Speed
Craft. Are all operators of high speed craft trained on the radar
generated questions from the audience when he presented visual
on the Flarecraft which plans to be operational in six months
from New London, Connecticut to Long Island. The vessels will
travel at 95-100 knots, have four passengers and can travel at
300 foot heights.
Director, Marine Safety International
"Simulator Systems for High Speed Ferries"
We need to
change our thinking about training for high speed ferries and
need to consider why a simulator would be beneficial in training.
First, high speed ferries are different from other vessels in
their construction materials, composites, water jets, and they
are different in power to weight ratio. The high speed craft are
fast and slow, and according to IMO Code, operators need type
training, not just general training.
training on a dedicated particular craft would be expensive, training
on a simulator of a high speed craft is cheaper, faster and better.
requirements of a simulator for high speed ferries include:
......1) specific bridge equipment,
..... 2) a new mathematical model,
..... 3) higher visual update rate,
..... 4) faster computer iteration
than on a conventional .........simulator,
..... 5) a need for 3-D visuals.
programs on a simulator for high speed ferries are intended to
be rigorous practice for the operators to learn proficiency. Training
is intended to be a regular program and should be given both to
replacement crew and current crew for renewal purposes. The High
Speed Craft Code in IMO advocates recurrent training every two
years for High Speed Craft operators.
simulator had modular construction to change layout, instrumentation
and controls. The simulator should have mobile capability - HSC
bridge simulator, ARPA, ECDIS, engine monitoring station, and
a night vision station. A simulated bridge could be put in a trailer
for instruction and used for observation by the instructor.
Rienhardt, Gateway National Parks, Chairman "Public-Private
Partnerships and Development Opportunities" was the closing panel
to encourage such opportunities in the Gateway National Parks.